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Colour Theory is the name given to the technique of using colour to create a specific type of ambience, mood or statement. The techniques incorporate matching, pairing and contrasting a variety of colours and are based on the colour wheel, which is a spectrum diagram tool designed to simplify the combining of colours. The colour wheel features primary colours (red, yellow and blue), secondary colours (green, purple and orange) and tertiary colours, which is what you get when you mix primary and secondary colours together.
The colour wheel is divided into two halves – cool and warm – and highlights tints, shades and tones of each colour around the circle. Applying simple matching techniques using a selection of recognised linear measurements allows you to explore how specific colours can work together within a colour scheme.
Harmonious, Contrasting and Split Complementary
Harmonious colours are those that work beautifully together to create a calming, relaxing and balanced environment. These are cool colour tints, shades and tones that blend well together and produce a soothing palette. To create a harmonious colour palette choose shades that are adjacent to each other on the colour wheel.
Contrasting, also known as complementary colours are found at opposite sides of the colour wheel spectrum and are best used to create a vibrant look. Contrasting powerful shades of colour are perfect for lifting the mood and work well when combined with cool colours. Contrasting shades, tints and tones can be used to give your interior space a contemporary pop of fabulous colour without completely altering the overall colour scheme. Use contrasting colour in moderation to avoid a jarring colour scheme.
Split Complementary colours are made up of a selection of three choices from the colour wheel. The chosen base colour is paired with two complementary colours positioned on the opposite side of the colour wheel. This combination creates a stunning visual impact without overpowering or dominating. This colour scheme is ideal for home styling because it is easy to achieve a balance of colour and mood.
Why not have a go at creating your own perfect colour scheme – order your free fabric samples from UK Curtains and Interiors.
By Anna Pink